The Great African Employer Debate: Govt, Private or NGO?

As Africa continues to develop and grow, the question of who will be the top employer in Africa is one that is constantly debated. Will it be the government, private sector or NGOs that will provide the most job opportunities and contribute the most to the continent’s economic growth? In this article, we will outline the pros and cons of each employer and let you decide which one you think will come out on top.

Who Will Be the Top Employer in Africa?

The African continent is home to over 1.2 billion people, and it is estimated that by 2050, this number will double. This means that the demand for jobs will only increase, and it is crucial to identify which employers will be able to meet this demand. With this in mind, it’s important to consider the potential for each employer to create jobs and foster economic growth.

Govt, Private or NGO? Let’s Debate!

The government is often seen as the largest employer in Africa, with the ability to create jobs in various sectors such as healthcare, education, and security. However, the government is also subject to bureaucracy and corruption, which can hinder its ability to create jobs efficiently.

The private sector is known for its innovation and ability to create jobs quickly, but it is also driven by profit and may not always prioritize the well-being of its employees or the environment.

On the other hand, NGOs are often seen as organizations that prioritize social impact over profit. They have the potential to create jobs in sectors such as development, healthcare, and education. However, they are often underfunded and may struggle to create sustainable employment opportunities.

Discover the Pros & Cons of Each Employer


  • Large-scale job creation opportunities in various sectors
  • Job security and benefits for employees
  • Possibility for impactful policies and change


  • Bureaucracy and corruption can hinder job creation
  • Political instability can affect employment opportunities
  • Budget constraints can limit job creation efforts

Private Sector:

  • Innovation and quick job creation
  • Opportunity for career growth and personal development
  • Impacts the economy positively through tax revenue and investments


  • Focus on profit over employee well-being and environmental impact
  • Unequal distribution of wealth and income
  • Vulnerability to economic downturns and job instability

NGO (non-profit):

  • Focus on social impact and sustainability
  • Job creation in development, healthcare, and education sectors
  • Opportunity for personal and professional growth


  • Underfunded and may struggle to create sustainable employment opportunities
  • Lack of job security and benefits for employees
  • Reliance on donor funding and external factors

In conclusion, there is no clear answer to the question of who will be the top employer in Africa. Each employer has its pros and cons, and it is up to policymakers, investors, and individuals to decide which employer they believe will have the most positive impact on the continent’s economic growth and job creation. Ultimately, a balanced approach that utilizes the strengths of each employer may be the best way to achieve sustainable employment opportunities and economic growth in Africa.